Breads (Sourdough) - Soft Buns/Rolls

Rosemary Olive Soft Sourdough Rolls

May 24, 2022 | Recipe by Bake with Paws
Rosemary Olive Soft Sourdough Rolls

Rosemary Olive Soft Sourdough Rolls

Our rosemary plant in the garden has been growing very well.  We have to prune it on and off.  I used some to bake this Rosemary Olive Soft Sourdough Rolls.  This shape is inspired from something I have shared here a few years ago.  Recently I have been seeing a lot of bakers make this Croissant shape bun.

If you have any questions regarding this recipe or any other post, please leave me a comment in the “LEAVE A COMMENT” link and I will reply you as soon as possible.

Recipe - Rosemary Olive Soft Sourdough Rolls


Yields:  9 rolls

INGREDIENTS:

Yudane Dough:
80g bread flour (I used Japan High Gluten Flour)
80g boiling water

Sweet Stiff Starter:
70g sourdough starter (100% Hydration), use at its peak 
215g bread flour (I used Japan High Gluten Flour)
90g water
35g sugar (I used organic light brown sugar)

Main Dough:
70g bread flour (I used Japan High Gluten Flour)
All yudane dough (above)
All stiff starter (above)
5g light brown sugar (please add more if you like)
1 1/2 tsp (7g) salt
60g water /70g milk (reserve 10g and add in later if needed) I used 60g water
30g extra virgin olive oil or butter (butter will yield better aroma)
2 Tbsp chopped fresh rosemary (can be replaced with dry rosemary)
35g pitted olive, cut into small pieces

Eggwash:
1 egg + 1 Tbsp water

Butter Rosemary Topping:
20g butter 
Pinch of salt
1/2 Tbsp chopped rosemary

Utensil:  10 inches square pan

METHOD:
  1. Yudane:
    1. Add bread flour in a bowl, pour the boiling water and mix well with spatula or spoon until no dry flour.
    2. Cling film and place in the fridge for at least 4 hours or overnight.  I prepared the night before.
    3. Take out from the fridge 30 minutes before using to return to room temperature.
  2. Sweet Stiff Starter 
    1. In a bowl of stand mixer, dilute starter with water, stir in sugar and add in bread flour.  Mix with paddle attachment until well mixed and all come together.   It can be done by hand mixing too.
    2. Cover and let it ferment until tripled. I prepared a night before and leave it in aircond room (approximately 24 - 25C room temperature) overnight until tripled.  It took about 8 - 9 hours depending on your starter.  It should take around 4 - 6 hours to get triple at room temperature at 28C - 30C. The starter should look smooth and round dome.  It shouldn't collapse.
  3. Infuse Olive Oil with Rosemary
    1. In small saucepan over low heat bring the olive oil to just a simmer.  Add in chopped rosemary, heat for about few minutes.  Turn off heat, cover and set aside to cool for several hours or overnight. 
  4. Main Dough:
    1. Put all ingredients (except oil) into a bowl of stand mixer.  I usually torn the stiff starter and yudane dough into pieces first.
    2. Slightly combine the mixture by hand with the paddle attachment before turning on the machine so that the flour will not splash out.  Using the paddle attachment, mix for 2 minutes or until all incorporated.  This step is critical to prevent  an uneven mixed dough as the stiff starter is rather hard and a dough hook may not be able to mix it well enough.
    3. Change to hook attachment and knead for another 3 minutes or until the dough comes together. Add in the infused olive oil in 2 batches and knead until olive oil incorporate with the dough.  It took quite a while about 6 - 7 minutes for the oil to blend into the dough. Once the oil is well incorporated with the dough,  then continue kneading for another 7 - 8 minutes (approx.) or until the dough become smooth, silky and reach window pane stage. The whole kneading process, I stopped few times to scrape down the dough from the hook to be sure it is evenly kneaded and also to prevent the motor from overheating.
    4. Fold in the olive.  Round up the dough and put back in the same bowl. Keep it covered with clingfilm or use a lid. 
  5. 1st Proofing/Resting:
    1. Let the dough rest for 30 - 60 minutes.  This dough I rested for 45 minutes at 29C - 30C room temperature and the dough rose slightly. (I did not find any big differences of 30 mins to 60 minutes rest.  So, please follow your schedule).
  6. Shaping (like Croissants):
    1. Transfer the dough to a clean floured surface then divide into 9 equal portions.  Please use a kitchen scale if you want to be exact.
    2. Form each portion to a ball.  
    3. Roll each dough ball into carrot shape.
    4. Flatten the dough with rolling pin  then roll up like shaping a croissant 
    5. Place the buns on lined baking tray.  
  7. Final Proofing 
    1. Let the buns proof at a warm place until the dough rise double in size. This one took approximately 2.5 hours at at room temperature of 29 - 30C.  The duration of proofing depends on your ambient temperature and the starter.
  8. Baking:
    1. Preheat oven at around 190C (top & bottom heat) or around170C (fan-forced) for 15 minutes.
    2. Bake in a preheated oven for 15 - 20 minutes, or until golden brown.
    3. Meanwhile, melt butter over low heat then add fresh chopped rosemary and salt.
    4. Remove rolls from oven, brush them with butter mixture and let them cool on rack.

Please click "Here" to see the Yudane and Sweet Stiff Starter diagram.

Main Dough & Shaping




GENERAL NOTES:

SOURDOUGH STARTER


A healthy starter is very crucial as advised by Baking with Gina.   It is advisable to feed your starter regularly if you want your bread to rise nicely and to use the starter (levain) at its peak.  A starter that is fed regularly will be more active in general.  If the mother starter is not strong, the bread dough will not rise a lot even though the starter is used at its peak.  


GLUTEN DEVELOPMENT & WINDOWPANE TEST

Gluten forms when flour comes in contact with water.  Hydration of the flour causes the sticky and stretchy protein to form, giving structure to the bread.  This makes your bread trap air and rise. 

Gluten in dough can be developed by autolyse, resting, kneading or folding.

The windowpane test is used to determine whether the dough has been sufficiently kneaded.  By gently pulling the dough (or you may pinch off some dough) and trying to stretch it into a thin membrane.  If you are able to stretch the dough paper thin and translucent  without tearing, then the gluten is fully developed.  However, if you can stretch it without tearing but the membrane is not transparent, then the gluten is not yet fully developed.  

However, from my experience not all the recipe can achieve a thin and translucent window pane stage easily.   For example low hydration and low fat dough.  For such recipes, a reasonable window pane is good enough and it can be left to rest. Gluten will continue to develop while resting.  Exercising restraint to not over-knead the dough prevents the gluten from being overworked and broken.   Some of you may have experienced the dough breaking during the second proofing.  It is because the dough is over kneaded. 

The total kneading time for me is usually 15 minutes at low speeds except brioche dough with high fat percentage or dough using liquid fat which usually takes a little longer (maybe 18-20 mins).

From my experience, I found that high hydration dough with high percentage of fat will be easy to stretch and achieve a paper thin windowpane stage.

KNEADING TIME

For kneading, please regard the timing provided as an indication only. It is only meant as a guide.  Timing may differ depending on the brand of flour and electric mixer used. The protein content may vary from one brand of flour to another.

FLOUR

The right flour plays a very important role in bread making.   To achieve fluffy, soft and light bread, I used Japan High Gluten Flour in most of my bread baking.  The protein content is around  12 - 13%.

HYDRATION

The liquid measurement given is also a guide.  It is advisable to always reserve some liquid and not add it all in one go.  This would give you the opportunity to adjust if necessary. If dough is too dry, add the reserve liquid one tablespoon at a time until the right consistency.  This is because each flour absorbs water and hydrates differently. 

PROOFING

Please note that the proofing timing may also vary depending on your climate, environment, flour and your starter. 

If you are unable to judge by just looking at the dough, you can do the finger poke test:

Proofing:
  1. Lightly press the side of the proved dough with your finger.  If it bounces back immediately without any indentation, it means the dough is under proved and needs more time before baking.
  2. If the indentation stays and it doesn’t bounce back, it means it has been over proved.
  3. If the indentation slowly bounces back and leave a small indentation, it is ready to bake. 
  4. There will be a final burst of rising once the bread is placed to bake in the oven and it is called oven spring. 
WRINKLE TOP OR SHRINKING

If your bread collapses or gets wrinkled on top after removing from oven, it could be because your dough over proved during the second proofing. Please proof until the tip of the dough just reaches the rim of the pan, around 80% - 90% in size.

BAKING TEMPERATURE AND TIME

Do also note that the baking temperature and timing provided are what works for my oven and should also be regarded as a guide only. Every oven behaves a little differently, so please adjust accordingly for your oven.

Comments

  1. Do you think I can substitute the filling with something like chocolate chip or ham and cheese? And when should I add them? Will it be the same technique?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi, thanks for reading this recipe and your questions. I added olive and rosemary as inclusion. If you would like to add chocolate chips or ham as inclusion, you can fold them in after kneading. Or you may spread your inclusion during shaping.

      Cheers:)

      Delete
  2. it looks yummy as always

    ReplyDelete

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